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A battle is defined as a significant military engagement, excluding sieges and urban warfare, which took place before 1800 A.D. and which involved in the order of one thousand or more combatants. Military engagements which involved lesser numbers of combatants may be included where they are considered to be of special historical or archaeological significance. A battlefield is the identifiable and definable geographic area(s) where a battle took place. For mapping purposes its extent is determined as the outer limit of the area(s) within which the majority of the fighting took place and may also include any directly related sites intrinsically linked with the conduct, command or direction of the battle.