House - fortified house

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A stone house laid out on an elongated plan as opposed to the vertical arrangement of a tower house. Internal fixtures, such as stairs, floors and partitions are usually wooden. Fortified houses also possess, in addition to the above, one or more of the following features: a defended bawn; gun loops; bartizans; machicolations; corner towers or wings designed to allow flanking fire. These houses date to the period c. 1580 - c. 1650 AD either on historical or stylistic grounds.