Water mill - vertical-wheeled

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A mill, including where present the millrace and millpond, driven by water directed on to a vertical mill-wheel from a river, stream or spring. They date from the 7th century AD onwards and with the coming of continental monastic orders in the 11th century were adapted to other uses besides grinding corn, such as cloth-fulling and iron forging. See also Tide mill - vertical wheeled, Mill (various classes by function or product).