From late twelfth century the top of the principal passage-tomb mound (ME019-030001-) at Knowth was occupied by the Anglo-Normans, who constructed a large rectangular structure on the summit of the mound (Eogan 1984, 7). According to Stout this rectangular courtyard area (dims. L 36m x Wth 25m) represents the remains of a Cistercian grange dating from the late 12th century (Stout 2002, 86-8). However Eogan describes this structure as 'an enclosed courtyard farm' (Eogan 2012, 171). This courtyard wall appears to have enclosed two houses (ibid., 179). O'Keeffe came to the conclusion that the excavated remains on the summit of the mound belonged to a 'fourteenth-century secular, courtyard farm, possibly built by a leasee of lands from the Cistercians' (Eogan 2012, 623).
The above description is derived from the published 'Archaeological Inventory of County Meath' (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1987). In certain instances the entries have been revised and updated in the light of recent research.
Compiled by: Caimin O'Brien
Date of upload/revision: 26 November 2013Description Source: National Monuments Service, Department of Arts, Heritage Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs.